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PERMOS has officially started in 2000 as a national monitoring network. It has secured financial support from the federal government and is embedded into the corresponding national and international monitoring structures. It is the first national monitoring network for mountain permafrost with this structure. In recent years, increasing monitoring activities have been initiated in the Alps and other mountainous regions. They all share the general aim to document the current state, detect changes, and provide a sound basis to tackle the two main problems related to degradation (warming and thawing) of permafrost in high mountains: 1) stability of steep debris and rock slopes, and 2) water availability. Especially within the Alps, PERMOS shares experiences and closely collaborates with other monitoring institutes in order to define common strategies and standards. That way, the different monitoring components help to build up a mountain network with complementing and comparable observations. Below you find a (yet incomplete) list of institutions, with which PERMOS closely collaborates.

A first result of the collaboration with the Norwegian colleagues are combined graphs for borehole temperatures in different mountain regions. Eg. in Haeberli et al. 2010 , Journal of Glaciology, or the Report on the State of the Climate as part of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society for 2010 and 2011. Such graphs will be updated every year and complemented by additional or newer sites and potentially other observation elements.

European Alps